The government with the support of OCDH and RFUK passed a new law on the protection and promotion of the rights of indigenous peoples in the Republic of Congo. The law, which is the first of it's kind in the region, contains a number of important provisions for IPs including the right to land.
In 2005, the government of Gabon published an indigenous peoples development plan (IPDP). Inside are a number of provisions for indigneous peoples that the government is supposed to adhere to concerning their rights to land, livelihoods and equitable participation in decision making and services.
The UN Declaration on the rights of Indigenous People was adopted in September 2007. It is a "non-binding text that sets out the individual and collective rights of indigenous peoples, as well as their rights to culture, identity, language, employment, health, education and other issues".
The ILO Convention 169 is the main international legal binding instrument on indigenous and tribal people. The Central African Republic became the first African country to adopt the convention in August 2010.